Iodine Deficiency and Prevention

Iodine deficiency problem is of top priority for Russia and other countries. About 2 billion people on the Earth suffer from iodine deficiency. As a result, hundreds of millions of people have enlarged thyroid (goiter). And dozens of millions have mental retardation because their bodies lack thyroid hormones.

Why Do People Need Iodine?

Iodine plays a vital role in development of a human body and regulation of metabolism

Iodine plays a vital role in development of a human body and regulation of metabolism. As one of the thyroid hormones (thyroxine and triiodothyronine), iodine influences formation and development of a child’s brain, especially at the fetus stage and during the first years of his/her life. Moreover, these hormones contribute to metabolism regulation and consumption of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and energy. Iodine improves brain activity, participates in many metabolic processes, regulates water-electrolytic balance, and reduces the cholesterol level. Iodine regulates nervous, cardiovascular and immune systems, sexual and mammary glands, and development of a child. Iodine deficiency is especially dangerous for children, teenagers, pregnant and nursing women.

Why Is Iodine Deficiency Dangerous?

Iodine deficiency of a child and mother (during pregnancy) might result in underdevelopment of the child, mental retardation and low IQ (intelligence quotient). When an adult lacks iodine, he/she may suffer from various thyroid disorders including goiter (thyroid enlargement) or Grave’s disease. In addition, iodine deficiency can cause serious metabolic disorders leading to overweight, low activity or working ability, and depression.

How Do You Prevent Iodine Deficiency?

There is one fact about iodine: in nature it can hardly be found in a free state (as a mineral) but it is a part of compounds virtually everywhere: in seawater, soil, plants or living creatures.

Water, salt, vegetable and animal-based products deliver iodine into a human body. Unfortunately, Russia is the so-called “iodine deficiency/ iodine endemic zone”. According to the Endocrinology Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, an average Russian consumes 40-80 micrograms of iodine a day, while the recommended daily intake is 2-3 times as much (about 150 microgram for an adult). Over 35% of the Russian population suffers from iodine deficiency.

Currently the most widely used method of preventing iodine deficiency is iodizing of cooking salt. Unfortunately, it is not the most effective method available because salt does not deliver a sufficient amount of iodine into a human body. First, iodine evaporates out of salt (potassium iodide) during storage and transportation, and second, many people restrict the amount of salt they consume with food. Moreover, there is a risk of iodine overdose. A daily iodine requirement depends on the age and weight of a person. A middle-aged person of normal physique should take about 150 microgram of iodine a day (a microgram = one thousandth of a gram). It is worth mentioning that iodine is a highly toxic substance: it may cause kidney or cardiovascular system dysfunction. A lethal dose of iodine for humans is 3 grams. Hence, iodine overdose is as bad as iodine deficiency.

Benefits of organic iodine treatment

That is why it is recommended to treat iodine deficiency with organic iodine because organic iodine atoms are bound with cow’s milk protein molecules. It is the organic iodine that a human body digests every day as part of vegetable or animal products. A human body uses just the right amount of organic iodine that it actually needs naturally removing the rest out of the body (with urine), so iodine overdose is impossible.